Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
Most people infected with the Coronavirus (COVID-19) will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the Coronavirus (COVID-19), the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.
The Coronavirus (COVID-19) spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for Coronavirus (COVID-19). However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.
Do's and Dont's
- Wash your hands with soap and water (preferably warm) at least for 20-40 seconds as the virus tends to attach to skin surfaces.
- Choose to greet people by joining hands (Namaste), instead of shaking hands.
- Social distancing is a must, as human contact is the most common mode of transmission.
- Sanitize hands frequently with an alcohol-based sanitizer (60% alcohol based) when travelling. (essential oil-based sanitiser may not be enough for this case). Rub the sanitizer evenly on your hands including the webs between fingers.
- Cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched objects including cell phones since they are closest to your oral and nasal passages.
- Carry tissues and handkerchief. Cover your mouth and nose with tissues if the person sitting next to you sneezes and then toss that tissue in the trash.
- Wear a mask (N95) if travelling for prevention, are sick or immunocompromised, are a health care worker or a caregiver of someone who is sick. Wearing a regular surgical mask only works as a barrier and does not protect against the coronavirus. Discard masks after 6-8 hrs of use. Unnecessary stockpiling of masks needs to be stopped.
- Opt for a work-from-home facility if you can.
- Avoid visiting public or crowded places like auditoriums, theatres malls and social gatherings/ parties, etc.
- Avoid using public transport and any unnecessary travel.
- Avoid touching door knobs, handles, switches in public places. If you do so, sanitise hands.
- Do not touch your face, mouth and nose with hands.
- Do not spit in public places. This needs to be stopped once and for all.
- Carry exact money/change to avoid change of currency through hands.
- Avoid consumption of undercooked meat /fish/ eggs/ raw vegetables
Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
Common symptoms include:
- Dry cough.
Other symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Aches and pains
- Sore throat
- And very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.
People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider or a Coronavirus (COVID-19) information line for advice on testing and referral.
People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention.
Simple ways to boost immune system:
1. Top immunity boosting foods to include in your diet:
– Cold pressed / wet milled coconut oil
– Turmeric and black pepper combo.
– Tulsi/holy basil leaves
– Star anise
– Pumpkin seeds.
– Vitamin C rich foods – Amla/Gooseberry, guava, lemons, bell peppers
– Good quality loose black tea leaves (in moderation)
2. Sleep – A good quality sleep every night recharges our immune system.
3. Movement and activity – A regular habit of exercising in the form of yoga, walking, basic body weight exercises are enough for a strong immunity and healthy lymphatic system.
4. Maintain optimum levels of Vitamin D3 (precursor to immunity)
5. Boost gut health as 80% percent of our immunity depends on gut health. Add foods rich in probiotics (rice kanji, fermented vegetables, homemade pickles, sauerkraut, good quality A2 yogurt) and prebiotics (garlic, banana, Apple cider vinegar, apple)
6. Top minerals to boost immunity: Zinc (pumpkin seeds) & Selenium (brazil nuts)